Benin borders three countries battling a jihadist insurgency that has spread across the Sahel region and prompted calls for more cooperation to halt its expansion south to Gulf of Guinea states.
BENIN SOLDIERS CASUALTIES
“We lost two of our men,” said one Benin military official after the post in Porga in Atacora region was attacked in the early hours of Thursday. “We also have some wounded soldiers.”
A second source close to the army chief of staff blamed the attack on jihadists and confirmed the toll of two soldiers dead and also one of the assailants.
JIHADISTS SPILLING INTO BENIN
Benin’s military has not officially commented on the attack.
The small coastal country has been a relatively safe haven in a region struggling with jihadist violence that has spilt over from Nigeria and Mali.
Only one jihadist attack has been officially confirmed in Benin.
JIHADIST ATTEMPTS ON BURKINA FASO
Two French tourists were kidnapped in 2019 and their tour guide killed in the remote Pendjari park on the border with Burkina Faso.
They were rescued soon afterwards by French special forces in northern Burkina Faso where they had been taken.
READ: Burkina says killed dozens of ‘terrorists’ in border sweep
GROUPS COMMUNAL CONFLICTS
But several jihadist groups operate just over the border from north Benin in Niger and Burkina Faso, including groups tied to Islamic State’s African affiliates.
A Dutch security report earlier this year warned that jihadist groups could coopt communal conflicts in Benin’s north to extend their influence.
TENSIONS OVER RESOURCES
Benin, like other parts of the Sahel, has struggled with growing tensions between farmers and nomadic herders over resources, land and water.
Benin’s northern border region is also a haven for gangs involved in smuggling, who are believed to maintain informal ties with jihadists.
SECURITY FORCES TARGETED
Last year, one Benin police officer was killed when gunmen attacked a police post in the far north of the country – the first time Benin security forces in the border area have been targeted.
Benin officials played down links to jihadists, but the incident deepened concerns over spillover from the Sahel.
WEST AFRICAN UNREST
Last month, Ivory Coast also began strengthening military deployments on its northern border and seeking stronger security ties with neighbours as it looks to contain the threat from the north.
Since the Sahel conflict first erupted in Mali in 2012, fighting has spread to Niger and Burkina Faso, claiming thousands of lives and displacing more than two million more.
by Josue Mehouenoh
© Agence France-Presse
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